Whiplash-a soft tissue injury to the neck-is also called neck sprain or neck strain. It is characterized by a collection of symptoms that occur following damage to the neck, usually because of sudden extension and flexion.
Whiplash occurs when a sudden impact causes the lower cervical vertebrae is forced into a hyperextended position at the same time as the upper cervical vertebrae are being forced into a hyperflexed position.
One of the most common causes is being in an automobile accident that causes injury to intervertebral joints, discs, and ligaments, cervical muscles, and nerve roots.
- neck pain
- neck stiffness
- abnormal sensations such as burning or prickling
- shoulder or back pain
- memory loss
- concentration impairment
- sleep disturbances